Yapon tili talaffuz va so`zlashuv

Lotin lug`at

Mundarija
  Yapon tili talaffuz
  Yapon tili so`zlashuv
    1 salomlashuvlar
    2 tovarlar
    3 sonlar
    4 vaqt


Yapon tili talaffuz

1  Harfi
   (1) Iyeroglif
        taxminan ikki ming xil
   (2) Kana
        Hiragana
          48 xil
        katakana
          48 xil
   (3) Romaji
        22 xil bir belgi
        26 lotin alifbolardan LQVXni chiqardi.
Harfi
   hozilgi tovush wi=i we=e wo=o   wi we wo lahja yoki eski tovush

   qizil-rang tovush --- faqat Yaponcha
lotin tovush
   

Uzun unlilarni bu lug`atda ":" foydalandi. misol â -> a:



2  Unli tovush
     boin

3  undosh tovush
     shiin
Sitata
  YaponchaDaijirin etc.

4  istisnolik tovush
    Bosh kelishigi affiks(yoki mavzu affiks) 'ha' va tushum kelishigi affiks 'wo' va jo`nalish kelishigi affiks 'he' eski tovush dir. Hozirgi tovush 'wa' va 'o' va 'e'. Ammo 'ha' va 'wo' va 'he' yoziladi.

Bu lug`atda bosh kelishigi affiks 'ha[wa]'
            tushum kelishigi affiks 'wo[o]'
           jo`nalish kelishigi affiks 'he[e]' yoziladi.


  talaffuz ma`lumot    Yapon Musiqa  matn bilan
  IPA                      The International Phonetic Alphabet - Audio Illustrations
  Inglizcha Sayt         japanese.about.com

 

Yapon tili so`zlashuv

   : -> Yapon tili uzun unlilar tovush (aa,ee,ii,oo,uu) yoki belgisi.

   Ayni Funktsiya  kelishik affikslari, yuklama, prefiks va fe`l
   yaponcha=o`zbekcha
   no=(n)ing  wo[o]=ni  he[e]=ga  kara=dan  made=gacha
   to=va  tomoni=bilan  ka?=mi?  dore?/dono?=qa?  nani?=ne?
   ...te kudasai=fe`l+inglar  ...desu=...da  ...de gozaimasu=...dir
 

1 salomlashuvlar



o`zbekchaYaponcha Iyeroglif Kana
Yaponcha lotin
Yaponcha ma`lumot foydalanish
Assalomu alaykum
hajime mashite

kon'nichiha[wa]

konbanha[wa]
birinchi marta ko`rishish
hajime=oldiniga
kuning ko`rishish
kech va tun emas
tuning yoki kechning ko`rishish
tong va kun emas
Xayrli tong
ohayo:
tongning ko`rishish
Xayrli kun
Salom

kon'nichiha[wa]
kuning ko`rishish
kech va tun emas
Xayrli tun
Salom

konbanha[wa]
tuning yoki kechning ko`rishish
tong va kun emas
yaxshi uxlab turing
oyasuminasai
uxlashga yotish paytida
men   mening
siz    sizning
sen    sening
 watashi   watashino
 kimi    kimino
 anata   anatano  
watashi=men
kimi=siz
anata=sen
no=ing
izohotYaponchada Ko`plik kategoriyasi g`oyatda kam
misol hon=kitobi yoki kitoblar
'lar" affiks='ra' yoki 'tachi'
kimi'ra' yoki kimi'tachi'=siz'lar'
watashi'ra' yoki watashi'tachi'=biz
Sizning ismingiz nima?
onamaeha[wa]?
o=izzatlash prefiks
namae=ism
ha[wa]=mavzu affiks
izohotYaponchada Egalik kategoriyasi yo`q
namae=ismim yoki ismingiz yoki ismi
ha[wa]=mavzu yoki bosh kelishik affiks
Ruxsat eting, o`zimni tanishtiray
jiko sho:kai sasete kudasai
jiko=ozim
sho:kai=tanishtirish
sasete=qilinib
kudasai=turing
Mening ismim Zilola Musaeva
watashino namaeha[wa] jiro:ra musaewa desu
watashi no = men ing
namae=ism
ha[wa]=bosh kelishik affiks
desu=da
tanishganimdan xursandman
oshiriaini narete ureshi desu
o=izzatlash prefiks
shiriai=tanishib olish
nar=bo`l te=ib
ureshi=xursand
Ahvolingiz qalay?
gokigen ikaga desuka?
go=izzatlash prefiks
kigen=ahvol
ikaga=qalay
ka?=mi?
Tezda sog`ayib keting
hayaku genkini natte kudasai
hayaku=tezda hayai=tez
genkini naru=sog`ayib ket
te=ib
kudasai=inglar
Rahmat
arigato:
Rahmat yaxshiman
arigato: watashiha[wa] genki desu
o'zingizchi?
anatawa do:?
Qayerdan siz?
dochirakara oide desuka?
dochira kara=qayer dan
o=izzatlash prefiks
i de=bor ib
desu ka?=da mi?
Men o`zbekistondan keldim
watashiwa[ha] uzubekisutankara kimashita

ki=kel
mashita=dim, ta=di
izohotYaponcha fe`l lug`atdagi shaklining oxiri u dir, misol kiru=kiymoq taberu=yemoq
te=ib, misol kite=kiyib tabete=yeb

DAM Yaponiya lahjalari yemoq
To:hokudagi ke, Edo(Tokio)dagi ku:, Kyotodagi taberu, Kumamotodagi taburu, Okinawadagi kame:
Men Toshkentdanman
watashiwa Tashikento syusshin desu(kara kimashita)
syusshin desu yoki kara kimashita=danman
Menga...kerak
...ga irimasu
ga=bosh kelishik affiks
iru=kerak
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
Menga...kerak emas
...ga irimasen (...ga iranai)
iru=kerak
masen=emas
masen=xushmuomalalik inkor shakli
nai=yo`q
Yapon tilida gapirasizmi?
nihongoga hanasemasuka?
go=tili
hanasu=gapir
hanas'e'=gapira'ol'
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
ka?=mi?
izohotYaponcha xushmuomalalik shakli
masu=oxirgi shakli
mas=qo`shimcha shakli
masen=inkor shakli, masu+en
masuka?=so`roq shakli, masu+ka+?
mashita=o`tgan zamon shakli, masu+ta(di)
mashite=masu+te(ib)
masho:=masu+o:(aylik)
Ha
hai
aniq va qattiq tovush
past tovush=na iloj bo`ysunmoq
Y`oq
iie

nai

chigau
inkor yoki farq

bo`lmaslik

farq
Yapon tilida qanday aytiladi?
nihongode do: iimasuka?
de=da do:=qanday
iu=aytil
Iltimos, sekinroq gapiring
do:ka motto yukkuri hanashite kudasai
motto=roq yukkuri=sekin
hanasu=gapir
kudasai=inglar
Yozib bering
kaite kudasai
kakuˇáYoz, te=ib
kudasai=bering
Bilaman
shitte imasu
shiru=bil shitte=bilib
i=e (Hozirgi Zamon)
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
Bilmayman
Bilmadim

shirimasen: wakarimasen
wakaru=angla
en=may,ma
Tushunaman
wakarimasu
wakaru=angla
Tushunasizmi?
wakarimasuka?
ka?=mi?
Tushundim
wakarimashita
ta=di yoki gan
Men tushunmayapman
Tushunmadim

wakarimasen
en=may,ma
arzimaydi
do:itashimashite
Xayr
sayo:nara
Salomat bo'ling
ogenkide (itekudasai)
o=izzatlash prefiks
genki=salomat
de=da
Ko`rishguncha!
mata oai shimasho:
mata=yana
o=izzatlash prefiks
ai=ko`rish o`t
shi=qil
mash=xushmuomalalik shakli
o:=aylik
Yordam bering!
tasukete! (kudasai)
tasukeru=yordam qil
te=ib
(kudasai)=bering
Militsiyani chaqiring
keisatsuwo[o] yonde kudasai
keisatsu=Militsiya
wo[o]=ni
yobu=chaqir
Yong`in
kajida
kaji=Yong`in
da=-da(yaponcha=o`zbekcha)
To`xtang
tomatte kudasai
tomaru=to`xta
te=ib
kudasai=inglar
Anchadan beri ko'rishmadik!
Ko'rinmay ketdingiz?

ohisashiburi desu
o=izzatlash prefiks
hisashiburi=ko`proq vaqt o`tib kelish
desu=da yoki dir
Uchrashganimdan xursandman
omeni kakarete ureshii desu
me=ko`z(ingiz)
meni kakaru=ko`rishmoq
ureshii=xursand
Oq yo`l!
yoi tabiwo[o]
yoi=yaxshi
tabi=safar(ingiz)
wo[o]=ni
Safaringiz behatar bo`lsin!
tabino gobujiwo[o] oinori shimasu
go=izzatlash prefiks
buji=bexatarlik
inoru=ibodat qil
Yaxshi ishlang!
borib kelinglar

itte rasshai
itte=borib
irasshai=(qaytarda seni) tashrif buyur
Omad yor bo`lsin!
ko:unwo oinori shimasu
ko:un=omad
o=izzatlash prefiks
inori=tilak
shi=qil
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
Oldik!
kanpai!
kanpai=qoqla sakazukini
sakazuki=yapon alkogolni ichkilik uchun kosacha
Sog`liq uchun!
kenko:wo kinenshite
kenko:=sog`liq
kinen=tilak
shite=qilib
Tug`ilgan kuningiz bilan!
tanjo:bi omedeto:
tanjo:=Tug`ilgan bi=kun
omedeto:=tabriklayman
Yangi yilingiz bilan!
akemashite omedeto:
akeru=yori,kel
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
te=dan
Yoqimli ishtaha!
zonbunni meshiagatte kudasai
zonbunni=ko`p
meshiagaru=ye, xushmuomalalik shakli
izohotYaponcha xushmuomalalik shakli
kudasai=bering yoki inglar yoki yuboring
kudaru=ustdan ostga bormoq
agar ust=aka ost=men mavzu=narsa, kudasai=bering
agar mavzu=fe`l, kudasai=inglar
Siz nima yoqtirasiz?
anataha[wa] naniga suki desuka?
Aga suki desu=Ani ...ga yoqadi, yoki Ani yoqtira
suku=yoqtirmoq
suki='suku'ning ot shakli
Men ...ni yoqtiraman
watashiwa ...ga suki desu
Menga raqs yoqadi
watashiwa dansuga suki desu
Menga raqs yoqmaydi
watashiha dansuga kirai desu
kirai desu=yoqmaydi
kirau=yoqtirmaymoq
kirai='kirau'ning ot shakli
Men seni sevaman
anataga suki desu

anatawo aishite imasu


ai=sevgi, suru=etmoq yoki qilmoq
Men bilan raqsga tushmaysizmi?
watashito dansuwo[o] shimasenka?
watashi=men to=bilan
dansu=raqs
dansuwo[o] suru=raqsni qil
shimasu=qil xushmuomalalik shakli
masen=inkor shakli, masu+en
Meni tinch qo`ying!
hottoite kudasai
hottoku=menga tekkizmamoq
kudasai=fe`l(tekkizma)+inglar
Hojatxona qay yerda?
toireha[wa] doko desuka?
toire=hojatxona
ha[wa]=mavzu affiks
doko=qay yer,qayer
desu=da
ka=mi
nimani buyurasiz?
go tyu:mon ha[wa]?
go=izzatlash prefiks
tyu:mon=buyurtma
ikkita pivo ikkita osh bering iltimos
bi:ruwo[o] futatsu to purofuwo[o] futatsu kudasai
bi:ru=pivo, wo[o]=ni
futatsu=ikkita
purofu=osh
kudasai=bering yoki yuboring
yana bir piyola ichaysizmi?
mo: ippai ikagadesuka?
mo:=yana
ippai=bir piyola, ichi=bir, hai=piyola
ikaga=qalay
yo`q rahmat
iie kekko:desu
iie=yo`q
kekko:=hojati
kekko:desu=mujmal atama
izohotYaponcha mujmal atama
hai kekko:desune!=bering yoki tasdiq shakli
iie kekko:desu=hojati yo`q yoki inkor shakli
Yapon aniq ifodalash madaniyatsiz fikrladi
Uzr, hisobni berib yuboring
sumimasen, okaikeiwo[o] onegai shimasu
sumimasen=uzr
kaikei=hisob
onegai=iltimos ot
shimasu=qil xushmuomalalik shakli
suru=qil masu=oxirgi shakli
Bu odam hammasi uchun to`laydi
kono hitoga subete siharai masu
kono=bu odam=hito
ga=bosh kelishik affiks
subete=hamma hisobi
shiharau=to`lamoq
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
izohotYaponcha fe`l
lug`atdagi shaklining oxiri u dir
harakat nomining oxiri i dir
misol shiharau=to`lamoq
shiharai=to`lash
'siharai masu' va 'shiharau' bir manosi dir
qonunda 'shiharau'ni foydalandi
bor
aru, yuku
aru=(menda pul) bor
yuku=(bankka) bor
...dir
...desu
namaedesu=nomi-dir
namae=nomi
Afv eting
gomen nasai
gomen=afv
nasai=eting
Uzr
Kechirasiz
Meni ma`zur tutasiz

sumimasenga
sumimasen=Uzr, Kechirasiz
ga=-da (bog`lovchi)
marhamat
do:zo
ichkariga marhamat
irasshai mase
Kechirasiz, mana buni (ana uni) ko'rsatib yuboring
Iltimos, mana buni (ana uni) ko'rsating

sumimasen, kore(are)wo[o] misete kudasai
sumimasen=kechirasiz
mana bu (ana u)=kore(are)
wo[o]=ni
misete=ko'rsatib
kudasai=yuboring
Bu necha pul?

Buning narxi qancha?

kore, nanbo


kono nedanha[wa] doredake?
kore=bu
nanbo=necha pul
kono=buning
nedan=narxi
do=qa
doredake=qancha
Necha pul turadi?
nanbo suru?

ikura desuka?
nanbo=necha pul
suru=bo`l
ikura=(ravish) manosi qancha tur-
besh ming so'm
gosen sumu desu
go=besh, sen=ming
sumu=so`m
desu=dir yoki da
Qimmatroq ekan
takai desune
takai=qimmat
ne=(yuklama) manosi ekan
Ozgina arzonroq qilib bering
mo:sukoshi yasuku site kudasai
mo:=roq, sukoshi=ozgina
yasuku=arzon, suru=qilmoq, te=ib
ana uni ko`rsating
arewo[o] misete kudasai
are=ana u, wo[o]=ni
misete=ko`rsatib
kudasai=yuboring yoki bering
buni bering
korewo[o] kudasai
kore=bu
kudasai=bering
xush kelibsiz
yoku oide kudasai mashita
yoku=xush
o=izzatlash prefiks
i de=bor ib
kudasai=bering (uyimga borishngiz)
mashita=o`tgan zamon shakli
masu=xushmuomalalik oxirgi shakli
ta=di
Bundan buyon mehr va yordamingizga muhtojman
korekara osewani narimasu
korekara=bundan buyon
kore=bu, kara=dan va buyon
sewa=qaramoq, ni=ga yoki da
naru=bo`lmoq
Men ham yordamingizni va ayamaysiz degan umiddaman
kochirakoso yoroshiku
kochira=bu taraf (bizni)
koso=buncha yoki esa
yoroshiku=yaxshi qaramoq(ot)
yoroshiku=mujmal atama
endi bizga ruxsat
sorosoro shitsurei shimasu
sorosoro=endi
shitsurei=xushtakallufliksiz
shimasu=qil xushmuomalalik shakli
suru=qil masu=oxirgi shakli
yana keling
mata irashite kudasai
mata=yana
irasu='kuru'ning xushmuomalalik shakli
kuru=kelmoq, te=ib
kudasai=ing
allo
moshi moshi
(telefon atama)


ma`lumotLearn Uzbek Language/O'zbek Tilini O'rganamiz
Useful Uzbek phrases
UZBEKTOURISM
Minna no Nihongo
Language Survival Kit Modules


 

2 tovarlar

o`zbekchaYaponcha
Iyeroglif Kana
Yaponcha
Lotin      
o`zbekchaYaponcha
Iyeroglif Kana
Yaponcha
Lotin
Choyochasuvmizu
Qora choyko:chaGazsiz suvtansan nashino mizu
Ko`k choyryoku chaGazli suv
tansan irino mizu
Kofeko:hi:
TarvuzsuikaQo`y go`shtihitsujino niku
QovunmeronMol go`shtigyu:niku
Pivobi:ruAroqwokka


ma`lumot : UZBEKTOURISM

 

3 sonlar

o`zbekchamiqdorYaponcha
Lotin
o`zbekchamiqdorYaponcha
Lotin
nol0zeroo`n10ju:
bir1ichio'n bir, o'n ikki11, 12ju: ichi, ju: ni
ikki2niyigirma20niju:
uch3sanyigirma bir
yigirma ikki
21
22
niju: ichi
niju: ni
tort4yon / shiyuz100hyaku
besh5gobir yuz o'n bir111hyaku ju: ichi
o`lti6rokuuch yuz300san byaku
yetti7nana / shichiyetti yuz700nana hyaku
sakkiz8hachisakkiz yuz800hap pyaku
to`qqiz9kyu:ming1,000sen
uch ming3,000san zen
sakkiz ming8,000has sen
o`n ming10,000manmillion1,000,000hyaku man
yuz million100,000,000okubir yuz yigirma
uch million ...
123,456,789ichi oku
ni sen san byaku yon ju: go man
roku sen nana hyaku hachi ju: kyu:


 

4 vaqt

o`zbekchaYaponcha
Iyeroglif Kana
Yaponcha
Lotin
o`zbekchaYaponcha
Iyeroglif Kana
Yaponcha
Lotin
Yakshanbanichi yo:bipayshanbamoku yo:bi
Dushanbagetsu yo:biJumakin yo:bi
seshanbaka yo:bishanbado yo:bi
chorshanbasui yo:bi
Kunnichi yoki kaErtalabasa
Kechakino:Tushlikhiru
Bugunkyo:Kechqurunyu:gata
ErtagaasuTunyoru
Haftasyu:Daqiqafun
OytsukiSoatjikan
YilnenHozirima
Tushlikdan so`nggogoKeyinroqatode
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Last updated 2012/11  since 2012/07  © Kouchi All rights reserved.